AONDONAH FELIX KOR
Akperan Orshi Polytechnic,
Yandev, Gboko, Benue State
e-mail: [email protected]
There is a strong relationship between climate and agricultural production. Understanding the climatic changes around us and how they affect agricultural productivity and livelihood will ensure food security. Climate change and global warming are the current global problems facing many countries, including Nigeria. Causes of climate change in Nigeria include emission of greenhouse gases from gas flaring, open burning, vehicle emissions, deforestation and use of solid fuel for cooking. Nigeria is still practicing rain fed agriculture which renders her vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. Severe climate events such as flooding, extreme heat and drought have led to soil degradation which results in low crop yields. Decline in agricultural productivity discourages farmers and may lead to change in livelihood, especially in rural settings. This can also lead to migration from rural to urban regions thereby affecting development of rural regions in the country. This paper discusses the causes, effects and mitigation of the effects of climate change in Nigeria.
Keywords: Climate Change, Food Security, Soil Degradation and Agricultural Production.